When the Butterfly Peacock Bass small fry reach an advance fingerling stage they are no longer protected by their parent and must no head out on their own.

While we have only three species on this site, it is believed that there as many as 12 different species within the lakes and rivers of the Amamzon catchment. The main reason we focused on three species is there is so much confusion over the ones already identified. Many lable the speckled peacock (Cichla temensis) as the butterfly peacock (Cichla ocellaris): the butterfly clearly has three blotches whereas the speckled peacock has three bars. The butterfly also does not have any markings on the opercula, whereas the Speckled peacock does.

Colour Range

The Butterfly Peacock Bass has a wide range of colour though it is not as pretty as the blackstripe peacock bass but it is still a beautiful fish compared to many of the North American fish.

The very top of the butterfly peacock bass along with its dorsal fins is dark lime green broken up by a few yellow patches. It’s head is mostly green, but broken up by a red and yellow iris. This is absolutely remarkable as the eyes match the anal, pelvic and pectoral fins bright red/orange. And from the fins up, there is a orange yellow that moves up most of the fish’s body mixing in with the green. It’s just a truly stunning fish to look at. And in clear water, this fish is just stunning.

Perhaps that is part of its strategy is to stun the angler as it tries to get away. No, this is one incredible fighting fish and if you are not careful it will get away before you even have a chance to wonder what went wrong. Ok, let’s get back to describing this wondrous fish. There are dark yellow tinged blotches along the lateral midsection. These blotches intersect with faint bars that typically fade in fish weighing more than three to four pounds. And then there is the common characteristic shared by all peacocks is the black circular eye spot that is rimmed in gold and located on the base of the caudal fin. This spot closely resembles the tail plume of a peacock fowl. Hence, the name peacock bass became the perfect moniker.

The butterfly peacock has a body shape that is similar to a largemouth which is in part why is was named the butterfly peacock bass in the United States even though they aren’t related to each other. And while they weigh three to five pounds on average, with many having reached in the ten to 12 pound range.

When the Butterfly Peacock Bass small fry reach an advance fingerling stage they are no longer protected by their parent and must no head out on their own. The young fry will seek out shelter in and among weeds for the first year where they will rapidly grow to about 14 inches, averaging a staggering one inch per month, which is more than any other native fresh water fish. Unlike the Striper bass, the male peacock bass grow larger than the females with females generally being half the size of the males.

They continue their rapid growth rates for the first several years until they reach three pounds at which point their growth rates slow down. The average peacock in the United States is between three to four pounds, but those caught in South American Waters average between six and ten pounds, though many exceed 18 pounds.

The Speckled Peacock Bass is the largest of the peacock series reaching a weight of 32 pounds.